1 Timothy 1
So why does the Torah spend so much papyrus on what will soon follow on this page? First, let me give you the historical facts. The Edomites and their kingdom were real. They existed at about the time where all of this is supposedly happening and they continued to exist until the first century BC, at which time they were conquered by the Hasmonean dynasty of Israel and converted to Judaism. The purported common ancestry between the Hebrews and the Edomites of which so much is made here is certainly fictitious. In fact, as we will see, the Hebrews and the Edomites will frequently come into conflict, and at other times will avoid each other. At one point the purported common ancestry will be invoked by the Hebrews seeking safe passage in Exodus, but they will be refused.
So why all of this interest in the supposed descent of the Edomites from Esau, and the names of their kings and chieftans ("dukes" in the KJV)? My guess is that this is material the scribe just happened to have available, so he stuck it in. There isn't much to say about it but there are a few continuity errors, which I'll note just because I like to be annoying. You may choose not to bother to read it.
This is the account of the family line of Esau (that is, Edom).Apparently there is a great deal of confusion about who Anah is and how she is related to whom. I won't bore you with it here but follow the link if you are interested. Note that polygamy is the norm and remains so. If you believe that marriage is between one man and one woman because that's biblical -- not.
2 Esau took his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite— 3 also Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.
Amalek is born many generations after his descendants are "smitten." (Genesis 14)4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These were the sons of Esau, who were born to him in Canaan.
6 Esau took his wives and sons and daughters and all the members of his household, as well as his livestock and all his other animals and all the goods he had acquired in Canaan, and moved to a land some distance from his brother Jacob. 7 Their possessions were too great for them to remain together; the land where they were staying could not support them both because of their livestock. 8 So Esau (that is, Edom) settled in the hill country of Seir.9 This is the account of the family line of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir.10 These are the names of Esau’s sons:Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.11 The sons of Eliphaz:Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz.12 Esau’s son Eliphaz also had a concubine named Timna, who bore him Amalek. These were grandsons of Esau’s wife Adah.
13 The sons of Reuel:Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.14 The sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon, whom she bore to Esau:Jeush, Jalam and Korah.15 These were the chiefs among Esau’s descendants:19 These were the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these were their chiefs.The sons of Eliphaz the firstborn of Esau:Chiefs Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz, 16 Korah,[a] Gatam and Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in Edom; they were grandsons of Adah.17 The sons of Esau’s son Reuel:Chiefs Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in Edom; they were grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.18 The sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah:Chiefs Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah.
20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, who were living in the region:Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 21 Dishon, Ezer and Dishan. These sons of Seir in Edom were Horite chiefs.22 The sons of Lotan:Hori and Homam.[b] Timna was Lotan’s sister.23 The sons of Shobal:Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho and Onam.24 The sons of Zibeon:Aiah and Anah. This is the Anah who discovered the hot springs[c] in the desert while he was grazing the donkeys of his father Zibeon.25 The children of Anah:Dishon and Oholibamah daughter of Anah.26 The sons of Dishon[d]:Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran and Keran.27 The sons of Ezer:Bilhan, Zaavan and Akan.28 The sons of Dishan:Uz and Aran.29 These were the Horite chiefs:Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 30 Dishon, Ezer and Dishan. These were the Horite chiefs, according to their divisions, in the land of Seir.
The Rulers of Edom31 These were the kings who reigned in Edom before any Israelite king reigned:
32 Bela son of Beor became king of Edom. His city was named Dinhabah.33 When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah succeeded him as king.34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites succeeded him as king.35 When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, succeeded him as king. His city was named Avith.36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah succeeded him as king.37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the river succeeded him as king.38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son of Akbor succeeded him as king.39 When Baal-Hanan son of Akbor died, Hadad[e] succeeded him as king. His city was named Pau, and his wife’s name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab.40 These were the chiefs descended from Esau, by name, according to their clans and regions:Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, 41 Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 42 Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 43 Magdiel and Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements in the land they occupied.This is the family line of Esau, the father of the Edomites.
- Genesis 36:16 Masoretic Text; Samaritan Pentateuch (also verse 11 and 1 Chron. 1:36) does not have Korah.
- Genesis 36:22 Hebrew Hemam, a variant of Homam (see 1 Chron. 1:39)
- Genesis 36:24 Vulgate; Syriac discovered water; the meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
- Genesis 36:26 Hebrew Dishan, a variant of Dishon
- Genesis 36:39 Many manuscripts of the Masoretic Text, Samaritan Pentateuch and Syriac (see also 1 Chron. 1:50); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text Hadar